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六年级下册语文第二单元作文清明节作文1100字题目素材

The second grade of the second grade of the sixth grade essays, the essays of the Qingming Festival, the sixth grade of the primary school, 1100 words

来源: 作者-→晓晓 日期:2019-09-10 14:19:48 分类:六年级作文 阅读:

据说,插柳的风俗,也是为了纪念“教民稼穑”的农事祖师神农氏的。有的地方,人们把柳枝插在屋檐下,以预报天气,古谚有“柳条青,雨蒙蒙;柳条干,晴了天”的说法。黄巢起义时规定,以“清明为期,戴柳为号”。起义失败后,戴柳的习俗渐被淘汰,只有插柳盛行不衰。杨柳有强大生命力,俗话说:“有心栽花花不发,无心插柳柳成荫。”柳条插土就活,插到哪里,活到哪里,年年插柳,处处成阴。

清明插柳戴柳还有壹种说法:原来中G人以清明、七月半和十月朔为三大鬼节,是百鬼出没讨索之时。人们为防止鬼的侵扰迫害,而插柳戴柳。柳在人们的心目中有辟邪的功用。受佛教的影响,人们认为柳可以却鬼,而称之为“鬼怖木”,观世音以柳枝沾水济度众生。北魏贾思勰《齐民要术》里说:“取柳枝着户上,百鬼不入家。”清明既是鬼节,值此柳条发芽时节,人们自然纷纷插柳戴柳以辟邪了。

汉人有“折柳赠别”的风俗:灞桥在长安东,跨水作桥,汉人送客至此桥,折柳赠别。李白有词云:“年年柳s,灞陵伤别。”古代长安灞桥两岸,堤长十里,壹步壹柳,由长安东去的人多到此地惜别,折柳枝赠别亲人,因“柳”与“留”谐音,以表示挽留之意。这种习俗好早起源于《诗经.小雅.采薇》里“昔我往矣,杨柳依依”。用离别赠柳来表示难分难离,不忍相别,恋恋不舍的心意。杨柳是春天的标志,在春天中摇曳的杨柳,总是给人以欣欣向荣之感。“折柳赠别”就蕴含着“春常在”的祝愿。古人送行折柳相送,也喻意亲人离别去乡正如离枝的柳条,希望他到新的地方,能很快地生根发芽,好像柳枝之随处可活。它是壹种对友人的美好祝愿。古人的诗词中也大量提及折柳赠别之事。唐代权德舆诗:“新知折柳赠”,宋代姜白石诗:“别路恐无青柳枝”,明代郭登诗:“年年长自送行人,折尽边城路旁柳。”清代陈维崧词:“柳条今剩几?待折赠。”人们不但见了杨柳会引起别愁,连听到《折杨柳》曲,也会触动离绪。李白《春夜洛城闻笛》:“此夜曲中闻折柳,何人不起故园情。”其实,柳树可以有多方面的象征意义,古人又赋予柳树种种感情,于是借柳寄情便是情理中之事了。

It is said that the custom of inserting willows is also to commemorate Shennong’s farmer’s ancestor Shennong’s. In some places, people put the willow branches under the eaves to forecast the weather. The ancient plaques have the sayings of "wicker green, rainy, dry wicker, and clear weather." When Huang Chao was uprising, it was stipulated that "the Qingming period is the end, and the Dailiu is the number." After the failure of the uprising, the custom of Dai Liu was gradually eliminated, and only the insertion of the willows was not bad. Yangliu has a strong vitality. As the saying goes: "There is no heart to plant flowers and flowers, and there is no intention to insert willows into the shade." Wicker soil will live, where to insert, where to live, insert the willow every year, everywhere into the Yin.

Qingming inserted Liu Dailiu also has a saying: It turns out that the Chinese people used the Qingming, July and October and October as the three major ghost festivals, which was when the ghosts were asked. In order to prevent the persecution of ghosts, people will insert Liu Liuliu. Liu has the function of evil spirits in people's minds. Influenced by Buddhism, people think that Liu can be a ghost, but it is called "Ghost Terror Wood". Guanyin uses the willow branches to absorb water and benefit all beings. In the Northern Wei Jiasi's "Qi Min Yao Shu" said: "When the willow branches are placed on the house, the hundred ghosts do not enter the house." Qingming is not only a ghost festival, but in this wicker season, people naturally insert Liu Liuliu to ward off evil.

The Han people have the custom of “folding the moon and giving away”: the bridge is in Chang’an, crossing the water as a bridge, and the Han people send guests to the bridge. Li Bai has a word cloud: "Years of the year, Liuling, and Fuling." On both sides of the ancient Chang'an Bridge, the embankment is ten miles long, one step at a time. People from Chang'an East go to this place to say goodbye, and the willow branches are given to other relatives because of "Liu "Harmonize" with "remaining" to indicate the meaning of retention. This custom originated in the "Book of Songs. Xiaoya. Caiwei" in the "I am going to the past, Yang Liuyi." It is difficult to distinguish with the gift of the separation, and can not bear to say goodbye, the feeling of reluctance. Willow is a symbol of spring, and the willows swaying in the spring always give people a sense of prosperity. The "Folding Willows" is a wish that "Spring is always there." The ancients sent off the willows and sent them. They also meant that their loved ones would leave the country as a wicker from the branches. I hope that he can go to a new place and quickly take root, as if the willow branches can live anywhere. It is a good wish for friends. The ancient poetry also mentioned a lot of things about the gift of the willow. The poetry of the righteousness of the Tang Dynasty: "New knowledge of the willows", the poetry of Jiang Baishi in the Song Dynasty: "Don't be afraid of the green willow branches", the Ming Dynasty Guo Dengshi: "The old self-send pedestrians, and cut off the side of the roadside Liu." Chen Weizhen in the Qing Dynasty: "Will a few worts left? To be discounted." People not only see Yang Liu will cause disappointment, but even when they hear the "Folding Willow" song, they will also touch the deviation.. Li Bai, "Spring Night, Lost City, smelling the flute": "This night song smells the willow, who can't afford the original garden." In fact, the willow tree can have many symbolic meanings, and the ancients gave the willow all kinds of feelings, so it is reasonable to borrow the willows. The matter is over.

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