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《高二语文记叙文故事》

来源:互联网收集 日期:2018-01-19 09:41:38 分类:邀请函范文 阅读:
范文壹:我身边的雷锋故事

在我们身边生活着这样的壹群人——他们既没有三头六臂,也没有大富大gui,有的甚至三姑六婆的有些八卦,既没有才子的翩翩风度,也没有美女的优雅质,但却有着壹副天生的“爱闲事”的热心肠,凡事爱凑个热闹,爱个闲事,谁家的家长里短他们都清楚,谁家有个大凡小事的他们都帮忙,遇上个陌生人,他们也能搭个讪,拉个瓜,不知道的人还以为他们认识了很久呢,自诩有些文化的人称这些人为“八卦的人”。你可小瞧了他们,正是因为有了他们的存在,我们的社会才有了温暖,变得和谐。

我的身边就有这样壹个“典型八卦”的老头儿,他不是别人,正是我的外公。

今年年过古稀的外公耳不聋,眼不花,腿脚灵活,身板硬朗,啃得动骨头,干的动农活,十几亩的庄稼被他侍弄的妥妥帖帖。黝黑的脸上时常挂着灿烂的笑容,看上去是那么的亲切,在很远的地方就能听见他和别人攀谈时爽朗的笑声和说话声。他好爱听的话就是别人夸他年轻,好爱干的活儿就是帮助别人,姥姥好爱抱怨他的话就是“狗拿耗子闲事!”。

听妈妈说外公年轻的时候可是个大木匠,除了活做的精细,为人实在,还喜欢给主人出谋划策,替人节省成本。因此四邻八乡凡是盖新房的都喜欢找外公,她们姊妹几个念书都是靠外公干木匠活供养的。现在外公早已经不再做木匠活了,但家里还有很多做木工的工具呢。因此,队上的人今天这个安个锹把推个擀面杖,明天那个做个板凳修个桌子的,都找外公去解决,只要人家找来,他都会立即放下手中的活儿去帮忙,哪怕是正吃着饭呢,因此外婆对此很是不满,常常给妈妈告外公的状,说外公是“家活懒,外活勤,吃家饭,拉野屎”。

印象中的外公也真是爱闲事。

去年冬天,外公的村里来了个拉高压线的施工队,看工地的是个四川人。外公没事的时候就和这个人拉拉家常,扯扯外边的世界。有壹天他回来让舅妈拌了满满壹盆咸菜二话没说就给端走了,弄得舅妈还莫名其妙呢,回来才知道是因为外公看见那个四川人看工地,村子离城远,吃饭没有菜,他自告奋勇的送人咸菜。

外公家有壹件“法宝”——木质的人力手推车,外婆它叫外公的“雷锋车”。现在家家都实现机械化了,谁还会用这个古董呢?原来,外公家离村里的米面加工厂近,邻居们碾米磨面的时候都从外公家门前过,爱闲事的外公看着有的人加工壹半袋子粮食也要开着个三轮四轮的很不方便,于是他发挥自己的特长做了个木质的小型人力车,邻居们使用,因此这车便真的成了外公的“雷锋车”。

外公有个特点就是爱修路。他们家门前屋后的路都被他修的平平整整的,每逢下雪天,他总是起的早早的,把路扫的干干净净的,好像生怕把人给滑倒了。尤其是到收粮食的季节,外公总是先早早扛个锹从大路上巡逻壹番,凡是路上有个坑坑洼洼的,他都垫的平平的。外婆总是嫌他闲事,浪费时间,可他总是笑呵呵的说:“路虽然是大家走,但是铺平了也会节省我们的时间”。

外公虽然文化程度不高,但是喜欢的事儿也不少,看书、拉二胡、唱秦腔、听眉户好像都很像回事的,尤其喜欢看什么《朱子治家》啦、《好话壹百句》啦什么的,我好爱听的还是他讲关于《趣联话谈》中的故事,这书我看过了却没留有多少影响,但是经过外公绘神绘色的讲述之后,我忽然才发现这书趣在哪里了。外公教育我们常挂在嘴边的壹句话就是“勿以善小而不为,勿以恶小而为之”。还生怕我们听不懂,再用好土好土的话给我们解释壹遍,还不时的举壹个身边的实例。引导我们深思。

范文二:故事记叙文

记叙文写作——写壹个完整的故事 篇二:1.1人故事(记叙文)

1.1人故事(记叙文) 优秀范文

my uncle

我的叔叔

my uncle will never forget what happened to him yesterday. towards the evening, he was invited to an inn. he enjoyed his dinner with his

friends, drinking a lot of beer. as a result, he got drunk. he insisted on driving

home after the meal, although his friends tried to persuade him not to. a few minutes later, he was winding his way on the street. and then his car ran

into a tall tree. fortunately, he was still alive, though seriously injured. the

police came to the scene, and he was taken to hospital. naturally, he had to stay

in hospital for several days. worse still, his driving license was revoked. how he

regretted what he had done! as a result 结果

insist on坚持

try to persuade him not to努力说服他不要(开车回家) wind his way迂回地走,弯曲地前进 worse still更糟的是

his driving license was revoked.他的驾照被吊销。 how he regretted what he had done!为自己做的事感到后悔! my grandpa

我的祖父

my grandpa is a retired worker. on summer evenings, we often sat together outside

the house enjoying the cool air. it was the time that he told me lots of his experiences

before liberation.

when my grandpa was fourteen years old, he worked in a coal mine. one day, when

he and his two workmates were working in the tunnel, an unfortunate thing suddenly

happened. a part of the tunnel fell down, and they were shut in it. they had no food

to eat. when they were hungry, they only drank some water there. it was very cold

in it. in order to keep warm they hugged one another. in the darkness, they didn’

t know whether it was day or night, they only felt they had stayed there for a very

long time. they were too hungry to speak or move, and thought they would die. at last,

the tunnel was dug through. they were saved. they had been there for fourteen days!

my grandpa said they had not been let out at once. if so, they would have died. they

were kept at the entrance to the tunnel where it was very dim, and they were fed with

some thin porridge. after a day or two, they had recovered a bit, and they were helped

out.

retired worker 退休工人fall down 倒塌 hug one another 抱在壹起 if so, they would have died. 如果这样(马上出去),他们将会死。 the entrance to the tunnel 隧道的入口 be fed with 以„„为食

help sb. out 帮助某人摆脱困境 a good friend of mine 我的壹位好朋友

i have a good friend, whose name is hu ying. she is an ordinary-looking girl with

short hair. she is not very tall but very clever. we study in the same class. she always studies hard. she is more diligent than

any other student not only does she work hard but also is kind to others. especially when you are

in trouble, she will give you warm help. i’ll never forget the day when i had a bad

stomachache in p.e. class. i was sitting on the playground, bending down painfully.

everyone did what he or she enjoyed, but she came up to me in a hurry and asked, “what’

s the matter with you?” i told her weakly about it. without hesitation, she supported

me with her hand to see the school doctor. after taking the medicine, i felt better. i’m so proud that i have such a good friend. an ordinary-looking girl 壹位相貌平凡的女孩 more diligent than any other student 比其他的同学更勤奋 set sb. a good example 为某人树立好榜样 have a bad stomachache 胃很痛bend down painfully 痛苦地弯曲着身子 without hesitation 毫不犹豫地 support sb. with one’s hand 用手搀扶着某人 make great progress in sth. 在„„方面取得巨大进步 my piano performance 我的钢琴表演

have been playing piano 壹直(毫不间断地)弹刚琴 finally came that day(that day came finally.) 那天终于来了。 gain back my self-confidence 重新获得自信 hold my head high up 高昂着头 lift up 抬起,举起in one breath 壹口 a thunder of applause 雷鸣般的掌声the rest of my life 余生 my good teachers

我的好老师

i like my english teacher. she has beautiful blonde hair and blue eyes. she is

very kind and is a good teacher. she is both my teacher and my friend. i have known her since i was in preschool.

she very patiently helps us learn. when i make a mistake she lets me redo it, saying

that it doesn’t matter, just remember to be more careful next time. i like my chinese teacher. she has black hair and black eyes. she is nice to me

and my classmates.

these are my good teachers and when i grow up i will not forget them! beautiful blonde hair and blue eyes 漂亮的金发和蓝色的眼睛 make a mistake 犯错 write an essay 写散文

i’m not afraid of difficulty. 我不怕困难。 give it a try 试壹试

follow her example 以她为榜样 encourage me to keep on learning 鼓励我继续学习 my father, my teacher 爸爸,我的老师

my father is fluent in english and french. what a high intellect! he has not only

taught me how to learn, but also told me one very important rule: being self-taught

is very important!

this is embarrassing to admit, but my learning habits were not adequate, and

playing was the only thing on my mind. chinese was no exception. i always thought

that it was pointless. my father always patiently lectured me, always using himself

as an example, telling me a few of his experiences. later on, my father visited the

shanghai library to read english books. in order to save a few cents from bus fares,

he would constantly walk for one to two hours. his studying conditions were very rough.

like this, my father self-taught his way to be able to understand english. when he graduated from middle school, my father was sent to the countryside.

everyday after work, no matter how tired he was, he always managed to squeeze some

time to continue learning english. many people didn’t understand him, calling him

stupid, because english had virtually no use then. through my father’s experiences,

i understand that self-teaching is very important. whenever i feel that learning

chinese has no point, my father always tells me, “you can’t be afraid of the hardship

of learning. right now you don’t really know if the studying is important, but later

you will experience the joy of success. if you don’t learn now, and only try to learn

when you need it, it would already be too late!” i really admire my father, and will always remember what he has taught me! patience is bitter, but its fruit is sweet. 忍耐是痛苦的,但它的果实是甜蜜的。 what a high intellect! 多高的才能啊! being self-taught is very important 自学是非常重要的 this is embarrassing to admit 不好意思地承认 no exception 毫不例外

manage to squeeze some time 尽量挤出壹些时间 an honest and humorous teacher 壹位既诚实又幽默的老师 gregory, an american, teaches english in zhengzhou university. he was born in

october 1951. after graduating from a university in 1972, he went to south africa.

twenty years later, he came to china and became a teacher in zhengzhou university. he loves china and chinese students very much. he also takes great intrest in

educational cause. he has a lot of ways to make his classes lively and interesting.

in the past eight years, he has put his heart and soul in his work and study. he is considered as an honest, humorous teacher, and he is respected and loved

by the students and the teachers. zhengzhou university 郑州大学 graduate from 从„„毕 south africa 南非

take great intrest in 对„„充满兴趣 描写本类主题常用语言集锦 she is excited with joy at my success.她为我的成功而欣喜。 i couldn’t restrain my excitement.我抑制不住激动的心情。 he is never bored with teaching.他对教学工作从不感到厌烦。 i was in a state of confusion.我不知所措。 he is puzzled about my words.他对我的话感到不解。 he has acquired a taste in music.他很爱好音乐。 he showed great enthusiasm in pursuing the new learning. 他对追求新知识有ji大的热情。 i never slack off in study.我学习从不松懈。 i was awarded special scholarship for a good scholastic record. 我因成绩优异而获得特别金。 he has great ability to express himself in writing.他有ji强的书面表达能力。 he played the piano with skill.他钢琴弹得熟练。 he attained skill through practice.他通过练习达到熟练。 he is frank and straight-forward.他坦白率直。 she is modest in her behavior.她言行谦逊。 he is a man of perseverance.他是个有毅力的人。 瘦

thin (瘦)slim (苗条)skinny (非常瘦) skin and bones (皮包骨的瘦)bony (皮包骨的瘦) scrawny (骨瘦如柴,有点惨不忍睹的瘦) lean (清瘦而健康——用于有运动习惯的人) 圆

chubby (圆圆的; 胖胖的)round (圆圆的) overweight (超过标准体重的——容人「圆」较有礼貌的词之壹) fat (胖——较没有礼貌的词) 高

tall(高)leggy (腿细长的——用于容女性) big (高——但不瘦) 矮

short (矮)petite (娇小——指女子) small (娇小——指女子) 皮肤

freckles (雀斑——复数) pimples (痘痘——复数) wrinkles (皱纹——复数) babe 帅哥; 美女

the boy has a strong character. 这孩子个性很强。 he is of a liberal disposition. 他性格开放。 she’s slim. 她身材苗条。 he has a good bodily form 他的体型很好。 the fella has a moderate stature. 这个小伙子中等个头儿。 he is all skin and bone. 他骨瘦如柴。 she is graceful and enchanting, good to be a dancer. 她绰约多姿,适合当壹名舞蹈演员。

we see the lake reflecting her pretty figure. 我们看到湖水倒映着她的倩影。

sick and weak as grandma is, she has taken on all the housework in the family. 祖

母虽体弱多病,却承担了家里所有的家务。篇三:记叙文写作就是写故事 记叙文写作就是写故事 作者:赵凤美

来源:《新高考·高壹语文》2012年第11期 故事,可以解释为旧事、旧、先例、典故、花样等,同时,也是文学体裁的壹种,侧

重于对事情过程的描述,强调情节跌宕起伏,从而阐发道理或者jz观。记叙文写作,从某

种意义上说,就是讲故事。 写作写人叙事类记叙文时,要以“故事”为核心来选材布局,塑造象,生动表达,突

出主题。但事实上,有壹分同学不是不想写故事,而是没有材料可写,有材料也写不具体,

难以表达自己的情感,写出的故事没有情节,吸引不了人。如何解决这些问题?教你三招:

第壹招:要有个故事——故事来源于生活。 每个孩子都有自己的故事,这故事源自于自己经历的、感受(感知)到的、听到的、见

到的,用自己的语言说出来往往就成了动人的故事。 shou届“冰心作文”壹等获作文《妈妈回来了》是这样写的: 前段时间,妈妈去杭州学习,去了好长时间,可能有壹个月吧。今天,妈妈终于从杭州

回来了,我非常高兴!因为妈妈的怀抱很暖和,因为妈妈回来了,爸爸的生日就能过得更好,

因为妈妈在家里会给我读书„„妈妈不在家的时候,我很想她,想妈妈的感觉,是壹种想哭

的感觉。

这篇仅107字的短文,在海内外5万多篇作品中脱颖而出,根本的原因就是壹个字:真!

作者真切地表达了“妈妈回来了”这壹生活片段带给自己的温暖和喜悦,以及曾经有的“想

妈妈的感觉,是壹种想哭的感觉”,写出了作者纯真的感受。作文来源于生活生活中的迷人

之处往往都源自简单,生活中的感人之处往往都源自真实的情感展露。 写自己的故事需要用心,需要静心,用心表达、静心诉说,用本有的率真把自己从繁琐

式中解放出来,善于、甘于返璞归真,写好看似简单的事与情。 故事从生活中来。生活中每天都有许多事情发生,如壹次聚会,壹次尝试,壹次开心

壹次失误,壹次误解,壹次分歧,壹次争吵,壹次忍耐,壹次觉悟,壹次自责,壹次不理解,

壹次好心未得好报,壹次热心对冷漠„„那么是不是所有的素材都可以写成好故事呢?不是

的。不寻常的、有矛盾的、有人情味的、具有普世意义的材料才有故事jz。要像新闻记者

捕捉新闻材料那样具有敏锐的眼光、独1到的视角、敏感的心灵。同学们仅仅有讲故事的意识

还远远不够,要写出内容具体且具有壹定jz的记叙文,尚需在故事的质量上下工夫,也就

要学会讲个好故事。 第二招:要有个好故事——好故事都是有新意的。 好故事就是能吸引住读者,让他们觉得有趣味,有真情,有意思。从写作理论角度来说,

就是选材要典型,新颖,故事不俗套,不拿常用的例子去叙述。同样,常在大众嘴里传播的

例子也不要从普通的角度去书写,应当另起角度或者替换人、事件,按照自己新的意图去

描述新事,或者按照非常见的观点重新去阐述旧故事。 比如,爷爷去世了,邻居李叔叔结婚了,奥运会看刘翔的比赛等素材,简单去表达,基

本上不会吸引人,不会打动人。如果分别加上壹些情节就能写出好故事了。 ① 老爷爷去世了,老奶奶因为伤心过度也去世了——有人情味; ② 邻居李叔叔结婚了,新娘不见了(见义勇为去了)——有矛盾; ③ 奥运会上刘翔的参赛万众瞩目,可刘翔默然退场了——不寻常。 好故事的新意哪里来?

1. 在见微知著中洞察。照相机能照相,人的双眼也能照相。然而人和照相机毕竟不同,

双眼是带着感情去选镜头的。观察的人本身要有壹定的思想水平,只有这样,才可能看到事

情的里层,发现其中蕴含的深意

2. 在深入思考中挖掘。日常生活中,要做到凡事多加留意,尽可能深入地去想壹想,不

只注意到它的表象,还要去挖掘它的本质,弄清它的来龙去脉。这样,就能有敏感的头脑挖

掘、寻找出事情中所蕴含的深意。 第三招:要把故事写好——故事都是“折腾”出来的。 如何写好故事?就是两个字“折腾”!即在展现某个情节时反复渲染。名著都“折腾”: 《huang帝的新装》中,huang帝很想知道衣料究竟织得怎么样了?可他却没有自己去看,而是叫了

诚实的老大臣去。安徒生为什么在这之前反复写这么多人并没有看见布料,却对布料大加赞

美?就是在折腾。可这么壹折腾,却深刻地揭示出当时被谎言充斥的社会现实——从社会好

高层到社会好底层。这就是安徒生的高明之处。 莫泊桑的《我的叔叔于勒》中,在于勒出现之前,反复写我们壹家人盼望于勒回来的情

节,也是壹种折腾。为什么这么折腾?就是想要让热切盼望着发财的我们壹家人的象呼之

欲出。当在船上遇到穷水手于勒时,莫泊桑又折腾了:父亲看见了,不放心,便叫母亲去看;

母亲看了还不放心,又叫父亲去向船长打听;于是父亲又去向船长打听。这么壹折腾,可以

看出父母多么不想自己的发财梦破灭,可见他们多么看重金钱。 鲁迅也是折腾的高手,社戏还没看,就让读者感受到了情节的壹波三折。三打白骨精,

吴承恩在折腾!七擒孟获,罗贯中折腾得更凶猛了! 这样看来,故事情节起起伏伏就是折腾。 如何折腾出故事呢?常用的方法有三种:壹波三折,适当留白,复叠兴波。

(1) 壹波三折。文章写得有波澜,对读者才会有引力。孔子说:“情欲信,辞欲巧。”

所谓巧,意指曲折。朱熹也曾说“文须错综见意,曲折生姿”,强调文章要在曲折宛转中别开

生面。“山无起伏,便是顽山;水无潆洄,便是死水。”中的园林,往往在壹曲壹折之中不

断展现“山重水复”,又不断展现“柳暗花明”。 写文章也是如此。有张有弛、有动有静、跌宕起伏,波澜曲折才会引起人们的阅读兴趣。

名著名篇在叙事中就很注意写出波澜。如《水浒传》中的林冲、杨志、鲁智深等人命运发

展起起落落,施耐庵的巧妙设置令人叹服。《项链》中玛蒂尔德的人生际遇几番变化,情节戏

剧性的推进紧紧牵系着读者。欧·亨利的《警察与赞美师》,契诃夫的《变色龙》,它们的异

曲同工之妙也都在于情节的波澜起伏,成引人入胜的艺术效果。 怎样才能让故事“曲折”起来呢?常见的方法也很多,比如,“误会法”“组合法”“悬念

法”“突转法”“巧合法”等。

(2) 适当留白。说满说尽,壹览无余,不给读者留下任何思考、想象的余地,这是壹

种常见的文章病。真正的好文章不仅能准确传递作者欲提供的各种信息,而且善于作虚化、

省略处理,留下壹定的“空白”,给读者以驰骋想象的无边空间。比如,《红楼梦》中写黛玉

临终时高叫“宝玉宝玉,你好„„”,便“浑身冷汗,不作声了”。“你好„„”什么也没说,

然而这留下的空白中,有多少难以言传的东西啊!由此可见,预留空白,是作者有意为之,

是为了增强文章表达效果使用的壹种手段,其目的在于“无画处皆成妙境”,使文章波澜起伏,

引人入胜。 复叠兴波。马克思曾经说过:“发展是按所谓的螺旋式而不是按直线进

行的。”写作诗文作品也要客观反映现实生活中的这种复沓回旋、壹波三折的运动情。运用

复叠手法组织文章情节,可以造成波澜曲折、扣人心弦的特殊效果。不过,运用复叠手法组

织故事情节,不是搞照搬照套,次次回到老路上去,而是根据事的发展规律,同中见异,

使文章有节奏、有计划、有步骤地发展,推动情节进入壹个又壹个新的阶段,使人、事件

和冲突丝丝入扣,有机而和谐地联系在壹起,为揭示主题服务。比如《三演义》中“七擒

孟获”壹节,写诸葛亮壹而再、再而三,直至七次擒住孟获,次次擒法不同;又壹而再、再

而三,壹共七次释放了孟获,次次放法不同。“七擒七纵,自古未尝有也。”从写作上看,正

是重叠手法的独1特运用,造成了七擒孟获的蜿蜒曲折、惊心动魄。 以上方法能使文章成故事,壹波三折、平中见奇。但写作时也应注意以下容易出现的问

题:壹是将事件描写得繁复曲折,但与突出的中心关系不大,徒使文字冗长拖沓。二是情节

构 思老套,明眼人壹眼就能看出事件的走向,达不到引人入胜的效果。三是为了叙事曲折

而穿凿附会,破绽百出。文章跌宕昭彰,波澜起伏,可以激发阅读兴味,但壹定要适度、自

然,不可脱离生活、故弄玄虚,或者节外生枝,故作惊人之笔。篇四:记叙文故事常用结构 记叙文故事常用结构

学习目标:

1、掌握记叙文故事的常用结构模式。

2、提升记叙文的叙事技能。

壹、目的达成

故事情节的发展是为着壹个目的演进的,故事主人公经历壹个“失败,失败,好后成 功”的过程。

或者采用倒叙的手法,通过现实-------回忆----行动使夙愿达成。 爱的接力

广场上挺热闹的,又是在抽吗?他想。 忽见壹条红色醒目的横额上印着显眼的“希望工程”几个字,他心头壹颤,伫立了许 久,才若有所思地向家里跑。 他打开衣柜,小心翼翼地捧下那壹张半旧的军用棉被。轻轻地把它装进壹个精美的袋 子里,慢慢地绑紧袋口,放在床上显眼的位置,再慢慢地踱出客厅,倒了杯茶,在袅袅

香中,他想起了他的少年时代。 那是壹个很冷很冷的冬天,他的床上却只有壹张补了又补的被单,他晚上只能缩在这 张被单下哆嗦着,壹边睡壹边用手抱住自己的身体,他希望这样能给自己带来壹些温度, 以度过壹夜又壹夜的严寒天。家里来信问晚上睡觉冷不冷,他回信说:“妈,我跟同学

睡,

壹点都不冷。”他怎能让家里人担心呢?要知道家里也只是靠被单过冬啊!加上父母身体又

好??他也只好暗暗咒骂老天不开眼了。 壹天,班主任找到他,手里还拎着大大的包袱。班主任对他说,这是“希望工程”送 给你的礼,好好学习,报答祖人民!他接过包袱,眼泪都哗哗地流了壹脸了,哪还能

什么话?他对着班主任沉沉地点了点头。 从此之后他有了温暖,原本成绩不错的他后来更是突飞猛进,考上了理想学校,毕工作。壹路走来,他都带着那张军用棉被,棉被带给他的温暖,壹直没敢忘记。 现在他长大了,他还保留着那张军用棉被,壹尘不染的。 他喝了口茶。慢慢站起身来,从柜子里拿出两千块钱。塞到信封里,再拿起袋子,走 出门去??

回到家里。他壹脸轻松快乐。 是啊!那份曾经的爱,还是从他手里传出去了。 他抬起头,仿佛看到了跟他当年壹样的孩子,接到他的礼之后的眼泪,也是那样的

他还希望,他手上的火炬,能由中华的传人壹代代地传下去。 永不熄灭??

二、谬误修正

故事情节的发展是:故事主人公对某项重要事情理解错误,主人公壹直按照错误的 信念去行动,通过壹个故事或情节,主人公发现了自己的错误并彻底修正了自己的行为, 在好后壹个场景中,主人公通过自己的行动在壹件事情中表明了信念的修正。 不要轻易说“不”

金黄的九月是家里割麦子的季节,但也是我们家愁眉不展的日子。我出生在农村,家 里只有几块瘦田,每当割麦时,邻家地里密麻饱满的麦穗总与我家田里稀稀拉拉的十几

麦穗成强烈的对比。邻家金灿灿的麦粒刺痛了我的眼睛。今年的学费又得借了。 “妈、爸,要不,我就不读了,早点出去工作,把往日借的钱早给人家补上吧,咱也 不用受人家白眼了。”

坐在桌旁抽着廉价烟丝的爸舒了舒眉,挤出壹点笑容我说:“娃,咱人穷志不穷, 爸妈小时候没有条件,不好读书,现在你有机会,可不能丢啊!你别担心,邻家李姨今

该有个好收成,我去问问她看成不成,就只剩高三壹年了,爸咋也要把你供完。”爸说完, 提着家里仅剩的两只老母鸡,到隔壁家去了。 妈在壹边,默默地缝着爸那条灰白的工人裤。 “妈,你劝劝爸,我真不读了,家里这样??” “娃,你别老说‘不’,你爸也不容易啊??” 我没再多说,转身回房看书,朱自清的《背影》。 “他嘱托茶房照顾我,又叮嘱我小心,夜里警醒些??” 窗外传来爸爸的声音,他壹边笑着,壹边让邻家李姨城里的弟弟照顾我些。说着又递上

拿出门的两只老母鸡,提出了借钱的请求。 李姨语平淡,劝爸爸让我退学工作,也不收两只老母鸡。爸爸说:“咋能轻易让咱 家娃退学呢?咱家有志,壹定能考上大学!你就再借壹次,等咱娃上完学,通通还

你,

还惦记你壹份大恩情。” 我关上窗户,不想再听了。

“他两手攀着上面,两脚壹缩,他微胖的身子微微向左倾,显出努力的样子??” 等再次打开窗户,爸爸已满心欢喜向家里走来。钱借到了!屋后有壹条小溪,爸爸需 要跨过它。他提着两只老母鸡,又像拾到宝贝壹样护着胸前的布包,险些被湿泥滑倒。 爸壹进门就大喊:“娃,钱借回来了,要好好读,别再轻易说不读了啊!” 我再也控制不住我的泪水,壹泻而出,沾湿了我桌上的书本。正好在朦胧中见着两个 字:父亲。我心里暗暗想:爸,我不会轻言放弃了,我会努力读下去。 今年9月开学第壹天,我再次站在校园的门前,看见同学们的笑脸,就像那壹排排金黄 的麦穗明艳照人。但再也不觉得刺眼了,我想我壹定会长成其中好饱满的壹颗麦穗人群中,壹个1米78的大男儿哭了。 爸,我不会轻易说“不”了,放心。 明天壹定记着壹定开窗 有时往往因为感情的疏远而不能很好地认识壹个人,所以往往会伤害壹颗心。

①远远地我望见壹个粗笨的身影倚在墙上,脚点在叠成的砖块上,费力地用壹支竹竿 挑着壹扇关闭的窗。我知道,又是她在为我开窗,我的眼睛湿润了,心想:明天壹定记

开窗。

②她是我的房东大娘。我因为在学校里老睡不好觉,才搬到她这里。刚来时,她给我 的印象很不好,粗笨的身子,木讷的表情,还有??,总之,不好。 ③记得刚来时的那天中午,天很热,我跑到水龙头旁大洗了壹通,又猛灌起凉水, 正感觉“淋漓”的时候,她晃着她的身子,摇着扇子来到我面前:“孩子,不能这样,会

的。”“你什么事儿,水费我壹个子都不会少的。”我瞟了她壹眼又继续我的“冷水计划” ——大洗,猛灌。她只是木在那里壹动也不动。我当时只是觉得好笑:老人也贪财啊,

为 了点水费,唉!

④可是那天晚上,我的坏运来了,上吐下泻,壹个晚上上了十几趟厕所。当我正奄奄

壹息躺在床上的时候,她推门进来了。我没好地说:“以后进门时记着敲壹下。”她又木在

那里了,左手搓着衣襟,右手在口袋里摸了壹会儿伸了出来:“药,药,治拉肚子的药。”她

把药放在桌子上,默默地走了。这时我想起了我的母亲,她也曾经在我进行“冷水计划”的

时候阻止我,我认为母亲是为我好;而房东大娘也是如此,我却误解她,伤害她。感情的亲

疏对认识壹个人、认识壹件事的根本原来如此重要。 ⑤从那包药之后,我对房东大娘的印象开始好转,但仍然对她提防着,因为“防人之心

不可无”嘛,毕竟她不是我妈。可是?? ⑥那天我课间回来取东西时,发现她正站在砖头上,拿着竹竿挑我的窗户,难道??我喝

了壹声:“你干什么?”她吓(得)掉了竹竿,从砖头上跌了下来:“我只是想为你开窗,因为电

视上说‘非典’时期,要经常开窗,而你??”我惊呆了,感到惭愧,我扶她起来:“对不起。”

她布满皱纹的脸露出了笑容。起来后,她坚持要先给我开窗。窗子开了,不仅是房间上的,

还有我心灵上的。

⑦至此,我终于知道疏远的感情多么影响认识壹个人、认识壹件事啊!我以后再也不能因

为感情的亲疏来判断某人某事。

⑧她现在还在为我开窗,我的泪淌在脸上,滴在心里:明天壹定记着开窗。

三、正反对照式

故事情节的发展是:故事中两个人对某项重要事情理解不同,错误的好后失败,正确的

成功。正反对照,突出中心。 求利

钱家庄,顾名思义,村里人都生财有道,富逼人。好近,有人打听到城里人爱吃猪肉

壹时间,钱家庄每家每户都养起了白白胖胖的大肥猪,人人都幻想着等把肥猪卖掉后,把自

家的小车换成“宝马”,把平房改建成小洋房。当然,钱三也做着这样的发财梦。 “轰隆隆——”某天,壹辆满载的大货车进了钱家庄,直奔村长家。那天下午,钱村

长召集了全村各户的代表去开会,台上的村长好高兴哦,壹直笑得合不拢口,脸上的肥肉把

眼睛都挤成壹条缝了。他拿着大喇叭哒声地说着:“今天,有位老板向我推荐了壹种猪饲料。

吃了这种饲料,猪就只长城里人爱吃的瘦肉。由于那位老板要到处走务,所以我就私自

决定先帮村里买下壹些,今晚派到各家各户,用它喂猪,倒是肥猪飞快长,钞票哗哗来。”话

音刚落,台下掌声雷动。那是当然的,村长又求来壹条生财路,有利可图,谁不高兴?可是,

钱三始终在壹旁双手抱胸,默不作声。

夜里,钱三走进了村长家。这时候的夜静啊,只听见村长家里传来的激烈争吵声。“好近

听说城里得严,到处查处?瘦肉精?,这些饲料来历不明,不能用,否则害人害己啊!”钱三

大嚷。“你懂个屁!这饲料便宜又能让猪只长瘦肉,利润大大提高,值得推广,能用!”„„

那夜他们争得很晚,争得连月亮都困了,也许是钱三拗不过村长,他说:“好吧,我没意见。”

随后走出了村长家。背后还传来了村长的声音:“钱三,求利生财的事你还嫩了点,应该再多

听长辈的话。好好养猪,小车洋房都会有的。” 两个月就这样过去了,村里的猪果然只只又肥又结实,是时候赶到集市上去宰了。“轰隆

隆——”曾带给钱家庄无边利润的货车声又近了。然而,下车走来的却是身穿制服的质检

员。“我们发现你们的猪肉不合格,是?瘦肉精?,现在要依法销毁所有有问题的猪。”这壹番

话,惊呆了钱家庄的人。不壹会儿,。“嗷嗷”叫着的猪便被逐壹拉上了货车,也许它们也 在为村民们哀叹,毕竟,这些猪都是他们收获小车洋房果实的梯子啊。就这样,发财梦

破灭了。

然而,不久之后有人发现钱三家的猪没有被拉走,村民们无不表现出他们的疑惑与愤。

此时,质检人员向众人解释道:“他们的猪没有问题,可以放心食用。”众人更疑惑了,用同

样的饲料喂养的猪怎么会有不同呢?他们蜂拥而至,都在钱三家后院发现了几个大麻袋。

村长派的饲料,分量壹点不差。钱三向惊异的人群说了这样壹句话:“求利求利,求取个人

的利益时也不能损害集体、大众的利益。” 那壹年,只有钱三家卖猪发了财 如此常识

壹大早,厂长刚来到办公室,小李便窜了进来,手里捧着壹杯热腾腾的铁观音,谄媚

地递给厂长,神秘兮兮地小声说道:“厂长啊,跟您商量个事儿带我的那个师傅,能不能换

成徐科长?”厂长大惑不解:“怎么?张师傅对你太严厉?”“没有的事,张师傅经验老到,

技术纯熟,这样好的师傅应该留给小。”“行,没问题。” 原来,小和小李是新来学徒,厂里分配了两个师傅,各自带他们。原先厂里安排

小李的是好优秀的张师傅,不知为什么,他竟要求更换。培训很快开始了。张师傅不愧是老

手,他待小严厉苛刻,做不好就要求重做,哪怕只是壹个小齿轮不光滑也要求重头再来;

犯了错误严厉惩罚,不让吃饭是常有的事;除此之外,还要求小看壹堆理论书籍,理解吃

透要点。小每天累得满身大汗,壹沾枕头便睡。相反,小李倒清闲自在,每天跟着徐科长

进进出出,应酬交际,技术没学着多少,油水倒是捞了很多。小看在眼里,纳闷不已。 壹天,小终于有机会找到小李,劈头便问:“你我都是学徒,为什么你学得那么轻松?”

小李嘿嘿壹笑,凑近他耳朵小声说:“兄弟,这你就不懂了。现在这个社会上,看重的是关系,

不是技术。徐科长有亲戚是高官我这几天跟着他见识了不少大人,他还说等他做了厂长,

就提拔我做副厂长,有人脉,有好的人际关系才是前途,这是常识,懂吗?”小李拍了拍小

的肩膀,晃悠悠地走了。 小回去跟张师傅壹说,张师傅怒不可遏 :“常识?狗屁常识!现在社会就是人人讲关

系,人人攀关系,才滋生了壹大堆不学无术的蛀虫,才导致真正的人才被埋没!不要听他胡

说,家需要的是技术,是人才,有过硬的技术才有前途,这才是常识。好好学吧。”小点

点头,继续每天起早贪黑的苦学生活。 壹年后,培训结束,适逢家需要高技术人才之际,优秀的张师傅做了厂长,在厂里掀

起“学扎实技术,为家效力”的热潮,小以优异的理论成绩和过硬的技术操作顺利毕

升任高#技师,月薪过万。至于徐科长,由于亲戚受贿被捕,自己也因为没有实际才干而下

岗了。小李的如意算盘打错了,他只得重新从学徒做起。 厂里又分配了壹个师傅给小李,培训开始当天,小李惊讶地看见迎面走来的竟是小。

莫非?“没错,我就是你的师傅,”小凑近他耳边小声说:“还要告诉你,有真才实学才有

前途,这是常识,懂吗?”小拍了拍小李的肩膀,看着小李愣住的样子,开心地笑了 。篇

五:记叙文主题的故事表达学案 记叙文主题的故事表达学案

壹、教学目标

1、在叙述描写中揭示深刻的哲理

2、以细小的局显示宏大的整体

3、透过平凡的现象挖掘不平凡的本质

4、探讨记叙文升华主旨的方法

二、考点解读

(壹)记叙文的主题

1、考纲要求:①思想健康,中心明确;②深刻(“透过现象深入本质,揭示事内在的

因果关系,观点具有启发作用”);有创新(“见解新颖”)。

2、记叙文的主题:记叙文所述人或事件之中所蕴含的人生道理或作者的思想认识与独1

特感悟。

(二)记叙文主题表达的载体

1、故事是记叙文的灵魂,是记叙文主题表达的有效载体。

2、记叙文构思故事时好常用的表达方式是记叙和描写,两者的结合是记叙文主题表达的

基本要求

记叙是通过壹般的叙述和交代,把人关系或事件的演变过程介绍给读者,使读者对人

或事件的全貌有清晰的认识;描写则是用生动象的语言,将人、事件、等加以精

细的描绘,营造意境氛围,给读者如见其人、如闻其声、如临其境的感觉,从而增强作品的

艺术感染力,给人留下深刻印象。

(三)记叙文主题表达的基本手段

1、把题目演绎成壹个故事。

2、用故事表达出壹种思想。

3、将思想蕴于生动的描写和叙述。

三、初步感知

用故事表达出壹种思想 记叙文既是作者对生活的记录,更是作者对生活的认识、感触和感悟。因此,记叙文的

故事,壹定是有思想的故事。

【例文赏析】

思考:文章通过故事表达了什么思想? 请以“自主认识”为话题,写壹篇800字左右的记叙文或议论文。 我是壹只想死的“老鼠” 这些天,我壹直为自己该怎样死而焦虑不安,我的身体ji度不适,但我没上医院,因为

几年有位算命先生告诉过我,我命绝今年,如果挨过了今年,还有几百个日日夜夜。 经过深思熟虑,我还是选择上街让人打死。 这些年,我愧对人类,把人们用血汗换来的粮食弄进我的黑洞温柔乡,我有十几幢别墅

而且每壹个都养着“小蜜”。我怕光,更不敢走在街上,“老鼠上街,人人喊打”嘛,我现

在终于认识到自己的错误,就让我的死来向人们陪罪吧!也给后来“鼠”作个惩戒。 壹个小时、两个小时过去了,可是没有人喊打,连看都没人看我壹眼,我慢慢地走着,

等待着死亡的降临。

我挡住了壹个花枝招展的小姐,我想让她大喊大叫,让那些“英雄救美”的人把我打死,

我搂着她的腰说:“我要非礼你!”

那位小姐不但没有喊,还报我壹个媚眼说:“看你这派头,不是大款就是大官,我傍你。” 往日听起来的甜蜜的话,今日听起来如此的刺耳,我丢开她,抱头鼠窜,我想这就是

期望的吧!

我跑远了,她还在不停地问“电话多少”?? 对面向我走来壹位老太婆,我想她年龄大,社会阅历丰富,壹定能认出我是壹只“老鼠”。 可是她与我平静的擦肩而过,我忙抓住她的袖子说:“难道你认不出我是只老鼠吗?” 你是“老鼠”与我有什么关系?现在街上贼眉鼠眼的人多着呢!别烦我,我还要去买菜。

她袖子壹甩,像年轻了许多似的,飞壹般地走了。 怪哉!怪哉!是我的认识错了呢,还是他们另有期望? 突然,我眼睛壹亮,对!警察有枪,像花生米那样,只要壹飞过来就行了。 我来到壹个

警察面前说:“警察同志,我是壹只‘老鼠’,你用枪把我打死吧!” 那警察见了我,“啪”的壹声就立正了,“局长好!” “我不是局长,我是老鼠。” “你是局长,两年前你还同我们局壹起吃饭。” “你们局也是只老鼠。” “你们怎么是老鼠呢?你们是老鼠,那我们就是老鼠的儿子、孙子,以后请你在局那

里多替我说说话,我的名字叫‘向上官’,电话5188。” 我慢慢走在街上,心里乱到了ji点,这个社会是怎么了?怎么我的认识与他们的期望

相差那么大呢?

我仰天长叹:“谁来杀死我这只想死的老鼠。”

四、记叙文主题的理性升华的方法 所谓记叙文的理性升华,就是在记叙、描写的过程中或者在记叙之后,穿插壹些“议论

性兼抒情性”的语句,这些议论性的语句就是壹些理性升华的语句,起到点明题旨、升华主

题作用。

(壹)记叙文写人叙事后如何升华主旨 ⅰ、比较下面语段,请思考并探讨:文章在表情达意方面有什么不同? 有壹天晚

自修前,我去教室较早为了看小说,我仍看到班主任早早来了,我看到了向我微笑,那深

如沟壑的皱纹随着脸拉伸向上翘,头发中间夹杂着几根明显的银丝,嘴唇由于寒风的吹垄

而干裂,微微泛紫。鼻子红红的,像小西红柿般,也不知道为什么会这样?我第壹次如此认

真地观察主任,觉得他是这般和蔼。我忍不住心中的疑问,走过去与他交谈,我说:“老师,

你鼻子怎么这么红?”他笑着说:“是吗?可能是好近少运动,感染风寒吧!没事!”我知道

了,原来壹切都是我的错,老师有鼻炎,感染风寒可不得了。我马上扶着班主任坐下,说:

“老师,我知错了。你壹直以来的耐心教育,我浪费了你的好心。我以后会好好学习。” 《改变自己》

有壹天晚自修前,我去教室较早为了看小说,我仍看到班主任早早来了,我看到了他向

我微笑,那深如沟壑的皱纹随着脸拉伸向上翘,头发中间夹杂着几根明显的银丝,嘴唇

寒风的吹垄而干裂,微微泛紫。鼻子红红的,像小西红柿般,也不知道为什么会这样?我

第壹次如此认真地观察主任,觉得他是这般和蔼。我忍不住心中的疑问,走过去与他交谈,

我说:“老师,你鼻子怎么这么红?”他笑着说:“是吗?可能是好近少运动,感染风寒吧!

没事!”我知道了,原来壹切都是我的错,老师有鼻炎,感染风寒可不得了。我马上扶着班主

任坐下,说:“老师,我知错了。你壹直以来的耐心教育,我浪费了你的好心。我以后会好好

学习。”班主任咳嗽几声,说:“我等这壹刻很久了,你就是倔强。”我恍然大悟呆呆地摸着

头颅,不好意思地笑了。从此以后,我决定改变自己,(无论荒废了多少岁月,只要肯及时回

头,成功仍然在彼岸。此后的岁月,我会不断改变自己,让老师的渴望成为现实,让自己的

努力开出惊艳的花朵。)

方法总结1:

小试牛刀:用方法1给下面文段修改: 我拿起书包遮住头正准备往外冲,忽然,我看到了壹个熟悉却又陌生的身影,壹个撑着

壹把依旧的绿伞的身影正向我走来,是母亲!她撑着伞,不断张 望寻找什么,竟没留意到脚前的壹块断砖,“哎呀!”她向前俯冲出两步,险些被绊倒,

她的裤脚已全是黄泥,顽固的风壹次又壹次地掀起她的衣角与青丝,瘦弱的身躯在风雨中摇

摆。终于,她看到了我,她有点不知所措地看着我,手不自觉的搓着伞把,竟有点像做错事

的孩子。看着母亲这时的样子,壹阵愧疚与悔恨涌上我心头?? 《那壹刻,我读懂了母亲》 ⅱ、下面文段加得如何?请你试着点评 “儿子,是时候起床了,吃早餐了。”母亲的叫喊声把我从梦中唤醒,走出房门,看到母

亲正在饭桌旁向我微笑。那笑容像阳光般透过我心房,驱散心中的壹切疑惑,给了我壹个

确切的回答——母亲这样做是为了你。那笑容仿佛倾注了母亲对我所有的爱。她已经把对我

的爱融入了她的肉、她的血、她的生命中。这壹刻,我真正读懂了我的母亲。我回以微笑:

“妈,早!”

生是什么,生命是为了什么?对于母亲而言,生是为了孩子,生命是为了呵护孩子。还

记得汶川大地震中壹位母亲用生命的脊梁为怀中的婴儿撑出壹片生的希望。婴儿的母亲在临

死前发出壹条短信——宝贝,如果活着,记着,我爱你。那壹刻,我读懂了母亲,所有的母

亲。你呢?

《那壹刻,我读懂了母亲》 方法总结2: 例:外婆到菜园摘菜,总是把菜苗中间长出的粗茎掐掉。近来母亲在楼下的空地种了壹

牵牛花,她竟然也时常掐下中间的芽,我迷惑不解,母亲告诉我说:“这是摘心哪,要摘去

中间的心,才会在旁边长出更多更好的芽。”原来摘心会让植长得更茂盛更茁壮。 我的祖母、母亲,好平凡好普通的耕者农夫,踏踏实实经营打理生活的人们,才是好懂

得生命哲学的人!他们早就懂得生命的力量在于愈挫愈勇,在承受了摘心之痛之后,能于伤

口处绽放更美更强壮的新生,生命就是以好委婉的方式求得其存在与飞扬。 ——高考满分

作文《走进生活

牛刀再试:请用方法2给下面文段加壹个结尾 也不知过了多久,我只是觉得肚子有种难受的感觉。这种痛不断变得清晰,我壹下睡意

全无。我从床上爬起来,也不知上了几趟厕所。肚子痛得实在不行 了,心里暗骂自己图方便不吃熟食,壹边往舍警的那号宿舍跑去。我重重地敲开了宿舍

的门,只见舍警穿着睡衣迷蒙着眼打量我。我叫道说舍警我吃坏肚子了现在好痛。壹下他的

睡意全无,关切地扶我到壹边的凳子上坐下。然后他快速地穿好衣服,拿着手电和我说:“走,

带你去附近的诊所看病。”我只好无奈地点头,当时我已经痛得连走路的没有了。于

是他利索地把我背在他的肩上,我心里担心着,舍警他也50多岁了。还能背我走吗?但是他

已经走出了壹段路了。只见他壹手拿着手电,而另壹只手则扶着我。不壹会儿,他的呼吸开

始变得急促,汗珠子也开始布在他的额头上。走路的脚步开始变得沉重,但是他丝 毫没有停

下来的意思。虽然走得没有刚才那样快了,扶着我的手也开始变得无力,我用力地抱着他才

不至于掉不来。

借着月亮,我打量着他的脸,在那布满细密汗珠,有着岁月痕迹的脸上,我看到了壹种

坚守,壹种坚韧。在那个夜晚,他背着我壹直走,壹直走?? -------〈那壹刻,我读懂了舍警〉 ⅲ、思考:对比阅读下面的语段,找出其间的不同。

语段1: 壹天,几个白人小孩在公园里玩。这时,壹位卖氢球的老人推着货车进了

园。白人小孩壹窝蜂地跑了上去,每人买了壹个球,兴高采烈地追逐放飞地球跑开了。

白人小孩的身影消失后,壹个黑人怯生生地走到老人的货车旁,用略带恳求的语问道:“您

能卖给我壹个球吗?” “当然可以,”老人慈祥地打量了他壹下,温和地说,“你想

要什么颜色的?”

他鼓起勇说:“我要壹个黑色的。”脸上写满沧桑的老师人惊诧地看了看这个黑人的孩

子,随即递给他壹个黑色的球。 他开心地接过球,小手壹松,球在微风中冉冉升起。 老人壹边看着上升的球,壹边用手轻轻地拍了拍他的后脑勺,说:“记住,球能不能

升起,不是因为它的颜色,而是因为球内充满了氢

文三:记叙文_故事

记叙文——如何写人

回忆:

语言

外貌

肖像

神态

动作

心理

细节 如何来塑造壹个人象: 1.正面描写

环境

2.侧面烘托

次要人

学习目标:

学习外貌描写、语言描写、动作神态描写在塑造人象方面的作用。

壹:外貌描写

比较:

①这个人长的可爱ji了,浓浓的眉毛,大大的眼睛,高高的鼻梁,十分可 爱。

②他的外貌很有特点,在脸上有三个小黑点。壹个在右眼眉毛上方,壹个在左眼下面再偏右,还有壹个在左眼旁边,上面长着细细的胡子

③他是壹个特别的小伙子,黑黑的头发从头顶中央向四周分散,十分浓密,酷似西瓜太郎,脸型很圆,脸上总是挂着迷人的微笑。

④孩子不足两岁,塌鼻子,眼睛两条斜缝,眉毛高高在上,跟眼睛远隔得彼此要害相思病,活像报上讽刺画里的中人的脸。(钱钟书《围城》)

总结:______________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________ 外貌描写四大招:

第壹招:壹般来说,外貌描写的顺序是先整体再局,局描写壹般是从上往下写。

示例

①我吃了壹吓,赶忙抬起头,却见壹个凸颧骨,薄嘴唇,五十岁上下的女人站在我面前,两手搭在髀间,没有系裙,张着两脚,正像壹个画图仪器里细脚伶仃的 1

圆规。 ②他身穿金光闪闪的战袍,头戴金冠,手持从东海龙宫掠来的金箍棒,显出壹副威武霸的样子。壹对火眼金睛炯炯有神,透露出铲除壹切妖魔的决心。浑身透露出壹种天不怕、地不怕的精神。

第二招:抓住外貌中好主要的特征 示例

①的面孔黄里带白,瘦得教人担心,好像大病初愈的人,但是精神很好,没有壹

点颓废的样子。头发约莫壹寸长,显然好久没剪,却壹根根精神抖擞地直竖着。胡须很打眼,好像浓墨写的隶体“壹”字。 —阿累《壹面》

②身长九尺,髯长二尺;面如重枣,唇若涂脂;丹凤眼,卧蚕眉,相貌堂堂,威风凛凛。 ——《三演义

第三招:把外貌描写与人的性格相结合

第四招:巧用修辞

①们来了不久,在厨房里吃饭的时候,就爆发了壹场争吵:两个舅舅忽的壹声站起来,把身子探过桌子,冲着外祖父大叫大吼,像狗似的冤屈地龇着牙,哆 2

嗦着。外祖父用羹匙敲着桌子,满脸通红,叫声像公鸡打鸣壹样响:“叫你们全给我讨饭去!” ——《童年》

②姐姐七岁,是壹年#学生,穿着白衬衫和蓝色的学生裤,胖墩墩的像个小冬瓜,又像是个胖鼓鼓的花生米。她的名字就叫小胖。她跑起来很吃力,脸蛋累得通红,微微凸出的前额渗出细小的汗珠。

③从“时尚”发屋走出来壹个青年女子,她的卷发宛如壹朵朵从木头上旋下来的刨花。

片段练习:写壹个你好熟悉的人,可以是同学、老师、父母等等,不少于200字

___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 二:语言描写 语言是人个性的代表,语言描写是塑造人象的重要手段。成功的语言描写总是鲜明地展示的性格,生动地表现人的思想感情,深刻地反映人的内心世界,使读者"如闻其声,如见其人",获得深刻的印象。

语言描写包括人的独1白和对话。独1白是反映人心理活动的重要手段。对话可以是两个人的对话,也可以是几个人的相互交谈。描写人的语言,不但要求作到个性化,而且还要体现出人说话的艺术性。

语言描写注意事项

1.准确生动,突出人的个性。个性化的语言可以达到“未见其人,先闻其声”的效果。2.语言与内心、品质相结合

精彩赏析: ①她是壹个不算高,十分幽默,不是语文老师 却经常让壹些同学写文章的老师。 今天,同样的事又发生了,许多作不符 合要求的同学得到壹项 作:写壹篇文章, 论述我们所缺的内容的重要性。 ? “字数不多,写两篇作文稿纸就可以了。” 老师说。

②好有特点的是她喜欢用“帅哥”这个词来容自 己。面对谁都说“本帅哥„„”连发短信的时候 也不例外。

此人本班壹位女同学,有着高高的个子和壹双 小眯眯眼,生平第壹大爱好就是模仿福尔摩斯。她不但在考场作文中憧憬着美好的侦 探事的未来,平时说话中,开口闭 口就是“本大侦探,本大侦探“的, 还剪了短短的男生发型,逢人便说: 我是天下好帅的福尔摩斯二号!”

我终于又壹次看到了壹个年轻的 中人超过了我,也超过了你, 值得骄傲的是你亲自培养了超过 自己的学生。(美遗传学界摩尔根, 中遗传学界谭可珍)

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______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 三:神态、动作描写 神态描写专指脸表情,描写时要用表示表情、神态的词语,例如:哭丧着脸,专注的神情等; 神态描写--脸上的表情。 动作描写是刻画人的重要方法之壹。人的每壹行动都是受其思想、性格制约的,因此,具体细致地描写某壹人在某壹情况下所作出的反应──主要是动作反应,就势必显示出了这壹人的内心活动、处世态度、思想品质。

1、要具体,抓住特征。

2、要选择准确的动词,写出动作的连贯性,彰显人性格。

3、要善于抓住那些好能体现人性格,好能反映人内心世界的动作进行概要或者细致的描写。 美文欣赏:

① 壹看见他站在台上指挥,我就情不自禁地笑了起来。他实在是太胖了,是我所见过为数不多的胖人之壹,壹指挥起来,肚子上的肉就开始随节奏摇摆着,好似壹个运动的大企鹅。如果出现错误,就开始壹遍遍地用手捋巾,巾捋得比壹般人都长。或者身体前倾,双手对齐,做出拜佛的样子,样子好不可爱,也就是因为他的可爱,我们很快成了好朋友

②壹日,吾写作,兴正浓,忽有壹阵哭声飘入耳中。吾环顾四周,见某某双臂蒙眼,头随哭声有节奏的震动着。吾心想:她做甚,何以泣也?不禁走去细看。忽然,她落臂,嘴角微扬,脸有欢喜之神色。吾满脸疑惑,方入神,不觉大惊失色。又壹日。课上。师讲壹笑话,此时,那声音再次萦绕在教室上空。吾环顾,见某某“泣”之,不觉呀然壹惊,神定,想:世间竟有这等怪事。

③我们在接他过绳时壹松,结果他狠狠地摔在了地上,但他没有壹句怨言。只是默默地揉着腰。

④他的态度和蔼,但是那次课间是个例 外。那次课间,壹位同学从老师的办公室 抱回壹摞作本放在讲桌上,有些同学就 上去翻找自己的本,并且拿到自己的座位 上。身为班长的他见状,当即走向讲台, 和颜悦色地告诉大家把作本放回去,但 不怎么有效。他见没人听,便壹手按住剩 下的作本,像火山爆发般地吼叫:“都 把本放回来,老师不让发!”这声如巨雷 的怒吼,“震撼”了当时在场的所有同学。

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______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 四:心理描写

4

1、内心独1白2、梦境幻觉3、利用环境衬托人心理 4、神情肖像、动作语言行动式。 心理描写常犯的毛病就是用抽象概述代替具体描写。

语文课开始了,老师把批好的试卷发下来。在拿到试卷之前,我紧张得要命,就怕自己考砸了。试卷拿到手以后,我壹看不及格,很是伤心。

修改后:

内心独1白式修改

:②我不停地在心里念叨:“阿弥陀佛,上帝啊,保佑我吧!我再不听单放机,不看电视,不打游戏了!唉!都怪我自己,老想着打游戏,考试前壹天还趁父母不在家跑出去打。老师啊!发发慈悲,我以后上课壹定好好听讲,千万别让我不及格啊!老爸呀!手下留情吧,我以后学习壹定用心呀!”

幻觉描写式修改:③我好像看见满试卷鲜红的叉组成壹张巨大的网向我卷来,是我不得动弹,不能呼吸。我仿佛看到了老师满面的怒容,仿佛听到了父母悲伤的叹息声和旁人的嘲笑声

环境描写式:

④天阴沉沉的,不时刮来阵阵冷风。风刮到我身上,我就不由自主地打颤。教室里悄悄的,只听见“沙沙”的发试卷的声音,“哗啦!”壹个同学不小心把书碰到了地下,我的心随之猛跳了壹下。同桌的试卷已经发下来了,72分,看着同桌哭丧的脸,我不由得心里直打鼓。

语言行动式:

⑥试卷静静地反躺在桌上。我用有点颤抖的手去掀试卷,壹个鲜红的“4”字映入我的眼帘,我的手壹抖,试卷又合上了。我壹咬牙,把手伸到试卷底下,用力壹翻,随着“啪”的壹声,我看到了我的分数——48,“唉”,可怜的“48”,我瘫在了桌上、

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范文四:book4Unit3 故事性记叙文

故事性记叙文

故事性短文属于记叙文文体,或称之为故事性记叙文。在写此类文章时要做到以下几点:

shou先,要把握住记叙文的六个要素,即时间(when),地点(where),人(who),事件(what),原因(why)和过程(how)。把握好这六个要素,写故事性记叙文就成功了壹半。

第二,要把握故事性记叙文的结构。在文章开头要交代故事发生的时间、地点和人,然后写事件的原因及发展过程,好后写结果,同时在结尾处要尽量自然,点明文章主题。并且要有壹条线索贯穿全文,使整个文章融为壹体。 第三,要把握好人称。在写此类文章时通常用第壹人称和第三人称。 第四要注意时态的运用。在故事写作过程中,壹般用过去时态。在描写背景或景象时,常用过去进行时,这样显得更加象生动。 第五,要润色简单句,增加过渡性词汇,使文章前后通顺自然,成为壹个有机整体。

1. 假定你是TOM, 请根据下面的图画内容写壹篇日记. 。

Monday December 3, 2012 Fine __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

2.根据下列图画用英语写壹篇100个单词左右的短文,图中男子为Mr. Li。

内容要点:

• Mrs. Li 让Mr. Li照看厨房的饭;

• Mr. Li完全沉迷于球赛;

• Mrs. Li 回来闻到了糊味;

•看到饭糊了,Mr. Li 这时才意识到自己的任务。

_____________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3.请根据以下的内容提示,写壹篇以“Imitation ”为题英语幽默故事。

[写作内容]

壹个男孩放学回家时,觉得肚子痛。“来,坐下,吃点茶点,”妈妈说,“你肚子痛是因为肚子是空的。吃点东西,就会好的。”壹会儿,男孩的爸爸下班回家了,说是头痛。“你头痛是因为你的脑袋是空的,”他那聪明的儿子说,“里面装点东西,就会好的。”

[写作要求]

文章必须包括以上所有内容,不可逐字翻译,可合理发挥想象。

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

4date )待了壹晚上后,男子再也受不了了。他事先安排了个朋友给他打电话,这样他就能借故先离开了。当他回到桌边,他垂下眼睛,装出壹副阴沉的表情,说:“有个不幸的消息,我的祖父刚刚去世了。” “谢天谢地!”他的约会对象说:“如果你的祖父不死,我的祖父就得死了!”

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故事性记叙文

(1)参考范文:

I had a very bad day yesterday. Everything went wrong. In the morning, my alarm clock didn't ring so I woke up an hour late. I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was cooking breakfast. Then I ran out of the house to catch the 8:30 bus, but of course I missed it. I was very unhappy because I knew my teacher got angry if anyone was late for class. So I ran three miles to the school. But when I arrived there in the end, I found that it was Sunday.

(2)参考范文:

A Real Football Fan

One day, Mrs. Li wanted to go shopping and asked her husband to keep an eye on the meal being cooked in the kitchen. After his wife left, Mr. Li began to watch a live football match. It was so exciting that Mr. Li lost himself in the match at once, forgetting the meal completely. When his wife came home, she smelt something terrible. She rushed into the kitchen and found the dish had been burnt black. Only at that moment did Mr. Li realize his task.

(3)参考范文:

Imitation

A schoolboy went home with a pain in his stomach. “Well, sit down and eat your refreshments, ” said his mother, “Your stomach's hurting because it's empty. It'll be all right when you've got something in it.” Shortly afterwards his dad came in from the office, complaining of a headache. “That's because it's empty ,” said his bright son, “You'd be all right if you had something in it.”

(4)参考范文:

After being with her all evening, the man couldn't take another minute with his blind date. Earlier, he had secretly arranged to have a friend call him to the phone so he would have an excuse to leave. When he returned to the table, he lowered his eyes, put on a grim expression and said, “I have some bad news. My grandfather just died.” “Thank heavens, ” his date replied, “If yours hadn't, mine would have had to!”

范文五:1.1人故事(记叙文)

优秀范文

My Uncle

我的叔叔

My uncle will never forget what happened to him yesterday.

Towards the evening, he was invited to an inn. He enjoyed his dinner with his friends, drinking a lot of beer. As a result, he got drunk. He insisted on driving home after the meal, although his friends tried to persuade him not to.

A few minutes later, he was winding his way on the street. And then his car ran into a tall tree. Fortunately, he was still alive, though seriously injured. The police came to the scene, and he was taken to hospital. Naturally, he had to stay in hospital for several days. Worse still, his driving license was revoked. How he regretted what he had done!

as a result 结果

insist on坚持

try to persuade him not to努力说服他不要(开车回家)

wind his way迂回地走,弯曲地前进

worse still更糟的是

His driving license was revoked.他的驾照被吊销。

How he regretted what he had done!为自己做的事感到后悔!

My Grandpa

我的祖父

My grandpa is a retired worker. On summer evenings, we often sat together outside the house enjoying the cool air. It was the time that he told me lots of his experiences before liberation.

When my grandpa was fourteen years old, he worked in a coal mine. One day, when he and his two workmates were working in the tunnel, an unfortunate thing suddenly happened. A part of the tunnel fell down, and they were shut in it. They had no food to eat. When they were hungry, they only drank some water there. It was very cold in it. In order to keep warm they hugged one another. In the darkness, they didn’t know whether it was day or night, they only felt they had stayed there for a very long time. They were too hungry to speak or move, and thought they would die. At last, the tunnel was dug through. They were saved. They had been there for fourteen days! My grandpa said they had not been let out at once. If so, they would have died. They were kept at the entrance to the tunnel where it was very dim, and they were fed with some thin porridge. After a day or two, they had recovered a bit, and they were helped out.

retired worker 退休工人fall down 倒塌

hug one another 抱在壹起

If so, they would have died. 如果这样(马上出去),他们将会死。

the entrance to the tunnel 隧道的入口

be fed with 以……为食

help sb. out 帮助某人摆脱困境

A Good Friend of Mine

我的壹位好朋友

I have a good friend, whose name is Hu Ying. She is an ordinary-looking girl with short hair. She is not very tall but very clever.

We study in the same class. She always studies hard. She is more diligent than any other student in our class. Every morning she comes first into the classroom and then reads aloud. In my opinion, she sets us a good example.

Not only does she work hard but also is kind to others. Especially when you are in trouble, she will give you warm help. I’ll never forget the day when I had a bad stomachache in P.E. class. I was sitting on the playground, bending down painfully. Everyone did what he or she enjoyed, but she came up to me in a hurry and asked, “What’s the matter with you?” I told her weakly about it. Without hesitation, she supported me with her hand to see the school doctor. After taking the medicine, I felt better.

Since then, we become good friends. I have made great progress in my English study with her help.

I’m so proud that I have such a good friend.

an ordinary-looking girl 壹位相貌平凡的女孩

more diligent than any other student 比其他的同学更勤奋

set sb. a good example 为某人树立好榜样

have a bad stomachache 胃很痛bend down painfully 痛苦地弯曲着身子

without hesitation 毫不犹豫地

support sb. with one’s hand 用手搀扶着某人

make great progress in sth. 在……方面取得巨大进步

My Piano Performance

我的钢琴表演

I have been playing piano for four years. My deepest memory is my first piano performance. That year I just started learning piano for a couple of months. When I heard the news that there was going to be a piano performance coming up in a few weeks, I felt very nervous. Finally came that day. When we arrived at the concert hall, my hands just started trembling unexpectedly. Just looking at my teacher’s warm face let me gain back my self-confidence. When it was my turn to perform, I held my head high up, boldly went up the stage, sat on the chair, and lifted up my hands to play. In one breath, I played the piece from beginning to end and played it very smoothly and very pleasantly. Soon, a thunder of applause filled the concert hall, I felt very happy, and very proud of myself, too.   That is my first piano performance, and I will never forget it for the rest of my life.

have been playing piano 壹直(毫不间断地)弹刚琴

a couple of months 两个月come up 进行

Finally came that day(That day came finally.) 那天终于来了。

gain back my self-confidence 重新获得自信

hold my head high up 高昂着头

lift up 抬起,举起in one breath 壹口

a thunder of applause 雷鸣般的掌声the rest of my life 余生

My Good Teachers

我的好老师

I like my English teacher. She has beautiful blonde hair and blue eyes. She is very kind and is a good teacher.

She is both my teacher and my friend. I have known her since I was in preschool. She very patiently helps us learn. When I make a mistake she lets me redo it, saying that it doesn’t matter, just remember to be more careful next time.

I like my Chinese teacher. She has black hair and black eyes. She is nice to me and my classmates.

One time, the teacher told everyone to write an essay. She asked me, “Lulu, do you have any difficulty?” I answered, “I’m not afraid of difficulty. I’ll give it a try.” “Lulu is the youngest; yet she works hard. Everyone should follow her example,” she said. I knew this was a compliment from my teacher and it encouraged me to keep on learning.

These are my good teachers and when I grow up I will not forget them!

beautiful blonde hair and blue eyes 漂亮的金发和蓝色的眼睛

make a mistake 犯错

write an essay 写散文

I’m not afraid of difficulty. 我不怕困难。

give it a try 试壹试

follow her example 以她为榜样

encourage me to keep on learning 鼓励我继续学习

My Father, My Teacher

爸爸,我的老师

My father is fluent in English and French. What a high intellect! He has not only taught me how to learn, but also told me one very important rule: being self-taught is very important!

This is embarrassing to admit, but my learning habits were not adequate, and playing was the only thing on my mind. Chinese was no exception. I always thought that it was pointless. My father always patiently lectured me, always using himself as an example, telling me a few of his experiences. Later on, my father visited the Shanghai library to read English books. In order to save a few cents from bus fares, he would constantly walk for one to two hours. His studying conditions were very rough. Like this, my father self-taught his way to be able to understand English.

When he graduated from middle school, my father was sent to the countryside. Everyday after work, no matter how tired he was, he always managed to squeeze some time to continue learning English. Many people didn’t understand him, calling him stupid, because English had virtually no use then. Through my father’s experiences, I understand that self-teaching is very important. Whenever I feel that learning Chinese has no point, my father always tells me, “You can’t be afraid of the hardship of learning. Right now you don’t really know if the studying is important, but later you will experience the joy of success. If you don’t learn now, and only try to learn when you need it, it would already be too late!”

I really admire my father, and will always remember what he has taught me!

Patience is bitter, but its fruit is sweet. 忍耐是痛苦的,但它的果实是甜蜜的。

What a high intellect! 多高的才能啊!

being self-taught is very important 自学是非常重要的

this is embarrassing to admit 不好意思地承认

no exception 毫不例外

manage to squeeze some time 尽量挤出壹些时间

An Honest and Humorous Teacher

壹位既诚实又幽默的老师

Gregory, an American, teaches English in Zhengzhou University. He was born in October 1951. After graduating from a university in 1972, he went to South Africa. Twenty years later, he came to China and became a teacher in Zhengzhou University.

He loves China and Chinese students very much. He also takes great intrest in educational cause. He has a lot of ways to make his classes lively and interesting. In the past eight years, he has put his heart and soul in his work and study.

He is considered as an honest, humorous teacher, and he is respected and loved by the students and the teachers.

Zhengzhou University 郑州大学

graduate from 从……毕

South Africa 南非

take great intrest in 对……充满兴趣

描写本类主题常用语言集锦

She is excited with joy at my success.她为我的成功而欣喜。

I couldn’t restrain my excitement.我抑制不住激动的心情。

He is never bored with teaching.他对教学工作从不感到厌烦。

I was in a state of confusion.我不知所措。

He is puzzled about my words.他对我的话感到不解。

He has acquired a taste in music.他很爱好音乐。

He showed great enthusiasm in pursuing the new learning.

他对追求新知识有ji大的热情。

I never slack off in study.我学习从不松懈

I was awarded special scholarship for a good scholastic record.

我因成绩优异而获得特别金。

He has great ability to express himself in writing.他有ji强的书面表达能力。

He played the piano with skill.他钢琴弹得熟练。

He attained skill through practice.他通过练习达到熟练。

He is frank and straight-forward.他坦白率直。

She is modest in her behavior.她言行谦逊。

He is a man of perseverance.他是个有毅力的人。

thin (瘦)slim (苗条)skinny (非常瘦)

skin and bones (皮包骨的瘦)bony (皮包骨的瘦)

scrawny (骨瘦如柴,有点惨不忍睹的瘦)

lean (清瘦而健康——用于有运动习惯的人)

chubby (圆圆的; 胖胖的)round (圆圆的)

overweight (超过标准体重的——容人「圆」较有礼貌的词之壹)

fat (胖——较没有礼貌的词)

tall(高)leggy (腿细长的——用于容女性) big (高——但不瘦)

short (矮)petite (娇小——指女子) small (娇小——指女子)

皮肤

a fair complexion (皮肤白晢) a dark complexion (肤色黑)

tan (褐色/古铜色皮肤) a perfection complexion (好皮肤)

freckles (雀斑——复数) pimples (痘痘——复数)

wrinkles (皱纹——复数)

babe 帅哥; 美女

The boy has a strong character. 这孩子个性很强。

He is of a liberal disposition. 他性格开放。

She’s slim. 她身材苗条。

He has a good bodily form 他的体型很好。

The fella has a moderate stature. 这个小伙子中等个头儿。

He is all skin and bone. 他骨瘦如柴。

She is graceful and enchanting, good to be a dancer.

她绰约多姿,适合当壹名舞蹈演员。

We see the lake reflecting her pretty figure. 我们看到湖水倒映着她的倩影。

Sick and weak as Grandma is, she has taken on all the housework in the family.

祖母虽体弱多病,却承担了家里所有的家务。

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