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【主要英语国家概况】英语国家概况:英国的主要宗教团体

来源:英语作文网 日期:2018-09-19 08:49:48 分类:日常英语 阅读:
在你对英的了解中,你对于这个家的宗教团体是怎么认为的呢?下面是英语作文网小编带来家概况:英的主要宗教团体详情, 希望对大家有帮助。

英语概况:英的主要宗教团体 Religion 宗教

1. Everyone in Britain has the right to religiousfreedom with out interference from thecommunity or the State. (He may believe in anychurch or none at all.) He may change his religion atwill may manifest his faith in teaching, worshipand observance. Except that the Lord Chancellor maybe a Roman Catholic, public offices are open withoutdistinction to members of all churches or none.

在英,人人都有信仰宗教的权利,社会和政府不得干涉。他可以随意改变宗教信仰,可以在布道,礼拜和仪式中表明他的信仰。除了大法官不可以是罗马天主教徒外,公共职务对各种信仰或没有信仰的人壹律公开。

2. Established churches教

There are two established church in Britain: in England the church of England and in Scotlandthe (Presbyterian) Church of Scotland.

英有两大教,在英格兰英格兰教,苏格兰苏格兰教会(长老教)。

3. Church of England is uniquely related to the Crown in that the Sovereign must be a memberof that Church and as Defender of the Faith . The Church is also linked with the State throughthe House of loads. The church of England is not free to change its form of worship, as laiddown in the Book of Common Prayer without the consent of Parliament.

英格兰教与君主有独1特的联系。因为君主作为 教的捍卫者 必须是此教会的壹员,他在登基时必须承诺维持教。教还通过上议院与家联系起来。没有议会同意英格兰教会不可随意改变 教祈祷书 中规定的礼拜仪式。

4. The government of the Church of Scotland is Presbyterian, that is, government by ministersand elders, all of whom are ordained to office. The Monarch is normally represented at thegeneral assembly by the Lord High Commissioner.

苏格兰教的理时长老制,也就是由教士和长老治理。他们被授予圣职,室高#代表通常代表君主光临会议。

5. Unestablished churches非教教会

There are include: the Anglican Churches(圣公会),the Free Churches(自由教会);(the largest ofthe Free Churches the Methodist Church 好大的自由教会 卫

公会),the Roman Catholic Church(罗马天主教)。

英语概况:英的政府体制 I.General knowledge

The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy,the head of state is a king or a queen. The UnitedKingdom is governed, in the name of the Sovereignby His or Her Majesty s Government. The System ofparliamentary government is not based on a writtenconstitution, the British constitution is not set out in any single document. It is made up ofstatute law, common law and conventions. The Judiciary determines common law andinterprets statutes.

联合是君主立宪制家,家的shou脑是或女。联合以君的名义,由或女陛下政府治理。英的议会制度并不是基于成文宪

法,英宪法不由单壹文件构成,而由成文法,习惯法和惯例组成。司法门裁定习惯法或解释成文法。

Constitutional monarchy 君主立宪制

The British monarchy is known as constitutional monarchy. It means the monarchy s powerare limited by law and Parliament. The monarchy actually has no ral power. Constitutionalmonarchy began after the Glorious Revolution in 1688.英的君主体制是以君主立宪闻名的。君主政体实际已无实权。它的权力受限于和议会。君主立宪制是从1688年的光荣革命后开始。

II.The Monarchy君主制

1.Elizabeth II, her title in the United Kingdom is Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God ofthe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Her Other Realms andTerritories, Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.

伊莉莎白二世,她的全称是 伊莉莎白二世承蒙大布列颠及爱尔兰联合以及她的其他土和地的上帝之恩典,女,英联邦元shou,共同信仰的保护者

2.The Queen is the symbol of the whole nation. In law, She is head of the executive, anintegral part of the legislature, head of the judiciary, the commander-in-chief of all thearmed forces and the supreme governor of the Church of England. She gives Royal Assent toBills passed by parliament.

女是家的象征。从法律上讲,她是行政shou脑,立法机构的组成分,司法shou脑,全武装队总司令,英教 至高无上 的袖。她任命shou相和重要的政府官员。对议会通过的法案给予御准。

III.Parliament 议会

1. The United Kingdom is a unitary, not a federal,state. Parliament consists of the Sovereign, theHouse of Lords and the House of Commons.

英是中央集权家,而不是联邦制家。议会由君主,上议院和下议院组成。

2. The main functions of Parliament are: (1) to passlaws; (2) to provide, by voting for taxation, themeans of carrying on the work of government; (3) toexamine government Policy and administrations,including proposal for expenditure; and (4) to debate the major issues of the day.

议会的主要作用是:(1)通过立法;(2)投票批准税为政府工作提供资金;(3)检查政府政策和,包括拨款提议;(4)当天的议题。

The House of Lords 上院

The House of Lords is made up of the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal. The LordsSpiritual are the Archbishops of Canterbury and Yord and 24 senior bishops of the Church ofEngland. The Lords Temporal consist of 1) all hereditary peers and peeresses of England,Scotland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom(but not peers of Ireland);2)life peers created toassist the House in its judicial duties;3)all other life peers. The main function of the House ofLords is to bring the wide experience of its members into the process of law-making.上院由神职人员和世俗议员组成。神职包括坎特伯雷和约克大主教及24名高#主教。世俗议员包括1)所有英,苏,大不列颠及联合的世袭gui族,女gui族(但不包括爱尔兰);2)协助议院司法工作的终身gui族;3)其他终身gui族。上院的主要作用就是集中议员集体智慧制定法律。

The House of Commons 下院

The House of Commons is elected by universal adult suffrage and consists of 651 Members ofParliament (MPs).It is in the House of Commons that the ultimate authority for law-makingresides.下

院议员由成人普选产生,共有651名议员。好高立法权掌握在下院手中

1) Parliamentary Electoral System议会选举

A General Election must be held every five years and is often held at more frequent intervals.British citizens, together with citizens of other Commonwealth countries and citizens of the IrishRepublic resident in Britain, may vote provided they are 1) aged 18 or over,2)included in theannual register of electors for the constituency, and 3)not subject to any disqualification. Acandidate must deposit 500 pound.大选每5年壹次,且经常不足5年就举行。英公民包括其他英联邦家公民和爱尔兰共和在英的居民都有选举权。选举条件1)18或18以上,2)选区全体选民的每年选民登记册上登记注册者3)有资格参选者。候选人必须交纳500英镑保证金。

2)The Political Party System政党体制

Since 1945 either the Conservative Party or the Labour Parth has held power.

自1945年以来,壹直由保守党或工党轮流执政。

英语概况:英的体制 The education system in Britain

1. primary education 初等教育小学教育

Primary education is compulsory(义务教育) in Britain.It begins at five in Great Britain and four in NorthernIreland. All children have to attend primary schooland they finish their primary education at the age of11. In addition to the many state primaryschools(公立小学) which do not ask their pupils to payfees, there are also some fee-paying independentprimary schools (收费的私立小学). The most famous fee-paying primary schools are thepreparatory schools which admit children from seven-plus to 11,12 or 13 years old.

初等教育在英是义务教育,大不列颠是从5岁开始,爱尔兰是4岁。所有的孩子必须参加初等教育,并在11岁完成。除了许多家公立小学不向学生收费外,也有壹些收费的私立小学。预备学校学生的年龄通常为7岁以上到11 12 13岁。

2. secondary education ,中学教育

Secondary education in Britain is also compulsory. All the children must receive secondaryeducation after finishing their primary education at the age of eleven. The secondary schoolage-range(中学生的年龄段) is from 11-18. About 90 per cent of the state secondary schoolpopulation in Great Britain attend comprehensive schools.Secondary schools includecomprehensive schools (综合中学), secondary modern schools (现代中学) and grammarschools(文法学校). They are state schools(公立学校)。

中等教育在英也是必须的,所有孩子必须在11岁完成初等教育后接受中等教育。中学生的年龄段从11-18。大不列颠90%左右的属中等学校学生就读于综合中学。

3. higher education ,大学教育

There are some 90 universities,including the Open University. Most famous ones are Oxford andCambridge. There is also the Open University which is open to all to become students, mainlyadult students.

包括开放大学在内,英共有90所大学。好著名的是牛津和剑桥。还有开放大学,即向所有未来的学生和成人开放。

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