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大学英语作文:定小组整体表演为评估标准是否合理 The overall performance of the group as the evaluation criteria is reasonabl

来源:英语作文网 日期:2017-10-29 17:47:53 分类:大学英语 阅读:

A few teachers have been known to grade the individual performances of each student in their group project. However, it is more desirable for teachers to evaluate group projects identically for all the members of the group. A projects final result comes from a cumulative effort by a group, so it should be graded accordingly. In this sense, teachers should base their evaluations upon the final results, not upon each individuals performance. For example, in any group project, the members contribute in many different ways. Some might do the design while others write or conduct research. Through this common effort, the group can get what is greater than the sum of each members effort as the final result. Therefore, it is natural that their grades should be based on the final result, not on the individual. One of the most important aspects of group work is to encourage and foster teamwork, so the work of the group should be judged as a whole. If the teacher evaluated a project based on how the members of the group performed as individuals, it would discourage the spirit of teamwork.

几个老师已经知道,每个学生在他们的小组项目的个人表现。然而,这是更可取的教师评估组项目相同的所有成员的组。一个项目的最终结果是由一组累积的努力,因此它应该是相应的分级。在这个意义上,教师应该根据他们对最终结果的评价,而不是每个人的表现。例如,在任何一组项目中,成员都有许多不同的贡献。有些人可能会做设计,而其他人写或进行研究。通过这一共同努力,该小组可以得到什么是大于每个成员的努力的总和,作为最终结果。因此,这是很自然的,他们的成绩应该是基于最终的结果,而不是对个人。团体工作最重要的一个方面就是鼓励和培养团队精神,因此,小组的工作应该是一个整体。如果老师根据小组成员作为个人的方式进行评估,这会阻碍团队合作精神。

Last semester, when I had to do a science project with three other classmates, all of us had to put aside our petty differences and work well as a team. Though the project was not easy, we completed it successfully through strong teamwork. Evaluating group work as a whole can help students learn more about cooperation. Finally, judging individual effort on group projects is simply too difficult a task to accomplish. How can the teacher precisely judge each student on his or her effort? There are many instances where groups may complain about on member not contributing much to a project, but how is the teacher to know if this is true or not? Even that persons contributions, no matter how small, may be vital to the end result. Judging individual effort on group work is thus an impossible task that should never be attempted. In a nutshell, group projects should be graded on the members overall, not individual, performance because these projects are the result of a cumulative effort, which encourages teamwork, and it is practically impossible to grade them on an individual basis. If an instructor wants to grade students individually, then group work should not be assigned.I can see why some teachers or professors give one grade to all the students involved in a group project. Nevertheless, I fell that the best approach to grading a group project is to evaluate each student individually according to his or her contribution.

上学期,当我和其他三个同学一起做一个科学项目时,我们所有人都不得不放下我们的小差异和工作以及作为一个团队的工作。虽然这个项目不容易,我们完成它成功地通过强大的团队合作。评估小组工作可以帮助学生了解更多的合作。最后,判断小组项目的个人努力很难完成一项任务。老师怎么能准确地评价每一个学生对他或她的努力?有很多情况下,小组可以抱怨的成员没有贡献太多的项目,但如何是老师知道,如果这是真的还是不?即使是那个人的贡献,不管多么小,最终的结果可能是至关重要的。判断小组工作的个人努力是一个不可能的任务,不应该尝试。简言之,团队项目应该在成员的总体上进行分级,而不是个人,因为这些项目是一个累积努力的结果,它鼓励团队合作,并且在个人基础上不可能对它们进行评分。如果一个教师要单独对学生进行单独的成绩,则小组工作不应该被分配。我可以看到为什么一些老师或教授会给一个小组的所有学生提供一个等级。尽管如此,我认为,最好的方法是分级一组项目是根据自己的贡献,对每个学生进行评估。

For one thing, the virtual impossibility of all members doing the same amount of work demands that some students receive different grades than others. In almost every instance, there is at least one student who does not contribute an acceptable amount, so that student should be graded lower. In my experience, group projects always have a leader, worker, and a slacker. The slacker shows up late, never does enough work, and always complains about everything. There is no reasonable explanation for the slacker to get the same grade as everyone else. Teachers need to evaluate group projects on an individual basis in order to be fair. No project can get done without a group leader, who always puts in more effort than the others and is therefore deserving of a higher grade. There was a time that I did a group science project once. I was the leader and organized everything. I did the majority of the work while my parents mostly sat back and watched me do everything. Despite my extra work, I got the same grade as everyone else. It was quite unfair of the teacher not to reward me for all of my work.

对于一件事,所有成员的虚拟不可能做同样的工作要求,一些学生得到不同的成绩比别人。几乎每一个例子中,至少有一个学生没有贡献一个可以接受的数额,所以学生应该被评分较低。以我的经验,项目组总是有一个领导人,工人,和一个懒散的人。懒鬼迟到,没有足够的工作,总是抱怨每件事。对于懒散的人得到同样的等级和其他人无合理解释。教师要以公平为基础,以个人为基础,对集团项目进行评估。没有一个团队领导,谁总是把精力放在比别人更高,因此值得一个更高级别的项目可以完成任何项目。曾经有一段时间我做了一个小组科学项目。我是领导和组织一切。我做了大部分的工作,而我的父母大多是坐在后面看着我做的一切。尽管我的额外工作,我得到了相同的成绩,作为其他人。

Teachers should reward group leaders with better grades than the rest. If group projects were graded individually, it would lead to more cooperation by the team members. This would stop students from being slackers since they would realize their individual contributions were being graded. One of my teachers actually graded our group projects individually once, and the results were amazing. Even the lazy students contributed to the project lest they should fail their assignment. When the incentive to work exists, every student will begin to contribute. Grading group projects on an individual basis is proper because not everyone, especially the leaders and slackers, performs an equal amount, and it would also encourage all the participants to contribute to the project. Teachers should consider rewarding students who work hard and punishing those who do not. It would be the fairest thing to do.

老师不给我报酬,这对我来说是不公平的。老师应该奖励比其他人更好的成绩。如果小组项目单独进行分级,则会导致团队成员更多的合作。这将停止从懒鬼学生因为他们会实现他们的个人贡献被分级。我的一个老师实际上对我们的小组项目进行了一次评分,结果是惊人的。即使懒惰的学生对这个项目做出了贡献,以免他们的作业不及格。当激励工作存在时,每个学生都将开始贡献。分级项目组在个人基础上是适当的因为不是每个人,尤其是领导人和懒鬼,执行同等,并且也鼓励所有参与者对项目作出贡献。老师应该考虑奖励那些不努力工作并且惩罚那些不努力工作的学生。这将是最公平的事情。

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